Useful tips

How to water and most common irrigation systems

Where are we going to stop is in the types of irrigation systems common. We’ll tell you which ones, their advantages, and disadvantages.

Returning to irrigation, once initiated in the garden, we must ensure that irrigate our crops is correct at all times.

Water demand for vegetables

You have to know the different water demands of plants, depending on:

  • the cultivated species
  • the time of development that is found
  • the type of cultivation support
  • the time of year when we are
  • and planting density.

Tips and recommendations for watering your garden and orchard

The necessary procedure to follow to avoid mistakes during irrigation of vegetables to be grown in the garden are as follows:

  • Meet the irrigation needs of the species grown in the garden.
  • At the time of planting, the soil must be moist to provide the seed to germinate the necessary moisture. A previous watering is done in the garden before you start planting for this moisture. If the seeding is done in a seed substrate also requires this moisture.
  • The young plants will always need more watering than mature plants.
  • The leafy vegetables, vegetables classic; chard, lettuce, spinach … need more watering when approaching his mature period.
  • The root vegetables require more watering when it starts to fatten the root.
  • Other vegetables that cause fruit such as tomatoes, peppers, watermelons, melons, courgettes require irrigation increases during the flowering period and the beginning of the fruit.
  • If grown in pots or cultivation tables, there will be more evaporation of water, whereby the need for irrigation is more significant (in quantity but not in frequency)
  • If the substrate is in flowerpots or tables large crop or the soil where it is grown in deep,  irrigation has to be less than if grown in small pots or growing tables or deep soil, for the latter have to water more frequently.
  • Watering must be done first thing in the morning or late evening to avoid evaporation of water from the intense heat.
  • The leaves and stems make when watering not to cause the appearance of fungus never gets wet.
  • If the cultivation is carried out in an orchard on the ground to know the type of soil that provides:
    • If the earth is sandy, irrigation has to be more frequent since water is not retained due to soil porosity.
    • If the soil is clayey, irrigation will be lower since this type of land if it retains water much better.

A significant factor is a drain if we cultivate an urban garden all containers must have good drainage so that water supplied for irrigation does not accumulate at the bottom and rots origine.

These essential points would be known for always risks appropriately and that our vegetables still have the amount of water needed for its development in the garden.

What are the most commonly used irrigation systems?

There are various types of irrigation systems from the most ancient as flood irrigation to irrigation systems Current and sprinkler irrigation.

If we cultivate in a few pots or cultivation tabled better watering with a watering traditional, this simple tool allows us to supply our plants needed water without further complications.

If our orchard or garden is higher and we have an ample space with land to grow our plants, and preferred vegetables must move to evaluate other irrigation systems to supply the necessary water to our crops.

Hose

It is used in orchards and small gardens and urban gardening. It is a simple system that requires no installation, and tubing can supply the necessary water to different crops.

Disadvantages can say that it is an irrigation system not suitable for people who do not have much time and also comment that it is not watered quite right because the water stays on the surface without reaching deep into the substrate or soil where the roots of various crops.

Drip irrigation

It is undoubtedly the irrigation system that best takes advantage of water because it can supply water strictly necessary.

It runs through drippers installed in the irrigation pipe, which is supplied water to the culture.

Another advantage is that it can be programmed by installing an irrigation controller and thus dosing the water required at all times of the year or the crop cycle.

Flood irrigation

This is an ancient irrigation system, used when we designed the garden terracing or grooves.

It is an irrigation system with the appearance of the drip irrigation system that has fallen into disuse because of a large amount of water consumed and not being a costly crop equitable system.

Sprinkler irrigation

It is a widely used system for watering the lawn. It is simple to install and supplies water as if it were raining evenly.

For vegetable crops and other plants as aromatic and flowers are not the most appropriate irrigation and wetting the aerial part of plants, stems, leaves, and flowers, which can cause the appearance of fungi that affect plants.

Irrigation by exudation

Through this system, it provides water through porous hoses that are oozing liquid.

The amount of water hose oozes on the moisture, so the water going out is always the earth requires (all an invention) is a very environmentally friendly method when watering why always the water is supplied necessary, by contrast, it is a somewhat expensive system because the hoses must be changed frequently because rapidly deteriorate, losing its main features facing the correct watering.

These are the irrigation systems more used to water different plants and vegetables grown in orchard and gardens; now, it depends on each use that suits you best depending on your needs.

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