Artichoke cultivation Everything you need to know
One can say that the cultivation of the Artichoke is the adaptation by farmers from thistles.
Growing requirements Artichoke
Artichokes need a cold environment to develop, but can not stand the intense cold nor excessive heat.
They also require plenty of water and irrigation, but can not tolerate excessive humidity.
Thus, the temperate zones of the Mediterranean are the most suitable for high production.
The Artichoke needs to regulate moisture but does not support excessive ponding of water or the roots.
Ideally, install a drip irrigation system.
Whether we realize flood, we will consider making planting on a full and slightly elevated ridge.
The alcachofera subscriber needs a good background with manure or compost and a contribution of mature compost in the production phase.
You need good, aerated soil depth and very rich in organic matter and humus.
Must avoid very heavy and wet and very light or dry.
How to grow artichokes
From planting to harvesting may take eight months to a year, while with stakes or cuttings, we can reap four or five months of planting.
Therefore, the most common form of cultivation is alcachofta cuttings or cuttings. This is to start the “zuecas” side stakes or matte alcachofera (the center stake is discarded since it is old and not regrow plant).
The stakes are selected considering that no impairments, who have no leaky rods and no rot at the base. Also, each stake should have a minimum of three or four protections at the bottom, above the roots.
The transplantation of cuttings is best done between July and September in warm areas and from March to April in icy regions.
They are planted in lines or terracing, about 70cm apart each other and between the lines and covering the soil with compost 3 to 5cm.
If you want to grow from seed; this will take place from March to June in a seedbed and transplanted when it has a height of 10cm. We can harvest from December to March the following year.
Partnerships with other crop plants Artichoke
It is a multi-year plan, so we get all year harvest it. Therefore, it is not advisable to introduce plots where perform rotations but put them aside.
By staying several years on the same ground, the Artichoke is a crop that much exhausted the soil. If plantations occur while passing the appropriate time, health problems, especially parasites affecting the root system and diseases caused by viruses and bacteria, challenging to cure will occur.
If possible, introducing into rotation grassland or green manures multiflorous soil enrichment in organic material and promote soil microbial activity.
Harvesting in cultivation Artichoke
Will cut the artichokes when submitting an appropriate size. The first artichokes, growing in the center of the outbreak, usually round, thick, while the latter, which are departing in the side branches, are more elongated and small.
It is advisable always to cut the stem of each Artichoke below the height at which the younger side artichokes, thus the plant is better to develop and increases its resistance to intense cold.
Pests and diseases that can affect the artichoke plant
- Aphid: usually occurs if overused irrigation and nitrogen – precious subscribers. If they appear, we will resort to potassium soap or garlic extract repellents. Read How to fight aphid and that this plague is not a problem!
- Screwworm: these are introduced into the stem and excavate galleries. We can apply Bacillus thuringiensis for disposal.
- Snails and Slugs: the hand will collect after rainy days also will place tiles around our culture to serve them shelter, and so it will be easier to locate them. Or you can also read How to fight a plague of snails and slugs
Ten reasons to eat the Artichoke
Once you have practiced the cultivation of the Artichoke in your garden, now it’s the most exciting part: eat them !!!
Do you know that Artichoke has many properties that make it an exciting food? We have some benefits:
- 1. His unusual digestive features make it ideal for treating diseases such as uric acid, rheumatism, and problems of stones in the gallbladder.
- 2. Reduces blood triglycerides, so it becomes precious to fight our cholesterol: reduces bad and increases HDL. It considered good.
- 3. It helps regulate constipation and diarrhea.
- 4. The Artichoke has among its properties the relieve us the heartburn, also eliminating pain, sprains, aches …
- 5. Thanks to its cholesterol-lowering benefits. Artichokes are much allied to improve the problems of arteriosclerosis and high blood pressure.
- 6. Its principles to take care of our stomach and help with digestion allows the Artichoke is perfect for eliminating the flow of bile.
- 7. The Artichoke is also used in diets. It is that thanks to its vegetable fiber are more than perfect for controlling the appetite to absorb water in the stomach, thus giving us a proper feeling of satiety.
- 8. The Artichoke gives us countless vitamins and minerals: magnesium, potassium, sodium, iron, vitamins A, B vitamins, transform sugar into energy … it is certainly a more than essential vegetables to our daily diet.
- 9. It also has diuretic qualities, eliminates fluid retention in the body; it removes toxins … It is, therefore, ideal for gout problems, arthritis, liver disease, circulatory problems, and reduce fat in case of obesity.
- 10. Some studies indicate that recently, thanks to caffeic acid, pantothenic, and flavonoids artichoke, are very suitable to prevent and improve in some cancers.